1887

Haemoplasmosis

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Abstract

Feline and canine haemoplasmas are small bacteria that live on the surface of red blood cells. Infection can result in a haemolytic anaemia. The chapter looks at Feline haemoplasma species and geographical distribution; transmission of feline haemoplasmas; pathogenesis of feline haemoplasma infection; clinical signs of feline haemoplasmosis; diagnosis of feline haemoplasmosis; treatment and prognosis of feline haemoplasmosis; canine haemoplasma species.

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Figures

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7.1 Scanning electron micrograph of a feline erythrocyte infected with . Two organisms attached to the surface of the erythrocyte are highlighted by arrows. (Reproduced with permission from )
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7.3 Representative mean haemoglobin (Hb) values for three groups of cats infected with either , ‘ M. haemominutum’ or ‘ M. turicensis’. The reference range for Hb is represented by the grey shaded area (8–15 g/dl). Only the cats infected with became anaemic, with the lowest Hb values recorded 2–3 weeks following infection. Cats infected with ‘ M. haemominutum’ and ‘ M. turicensis’ did not become anaemic, although a slight fall in Hb was apparent during the first 2–3 weeks of infection. (Reproduced with permission from )
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7.6 Blood smear (Wright’s stain) from a cat with asymptomatic infection with ‘ M. haemominutum’. Arrows indicate individual organisms.
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7.7 Blood smear (May–Grünwald’s Giemsa stain) from a splenectomized dog with haemolytic anaemia associated with infection. Bar = 10 μm. Dashed arrows indicate individual organisms. Solid arrows indicate chains of organisms on the surface of the red blood cells. (With kind permission of Lisa Hulme-Moir)

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