The Journal of Small Animal Practice (JSAP)

The Journal of Small Animal Practice (JSAP) is the BSAVA's monthly scientific journal, featuring original, peer-reviewed articles, case reports and other scientific and educational information from around the world. The aim of JSAP is to facilitate the dissemination and implementation of new ideas and techniques relating to clinical veterinary practice, and ultimately to promote best practice.

JSAP is provided to BSAVA members as part of their membership benefits. Members - to access JSAP, log in then click on the 'read latest issues' button that appears below. 

You can search for JSAP articles from within the BSAVA Library by clicking on the JSAP tab from the search results page. If you are a BSAVA member and already logged in, you can click through from the search results to access the full article. 

September issue - Editor's choice

Is the combination of urine dipstick and urine specific gravity accurate to diagnose proteinuria in cats?

This is the question that Dr Jorge Pérez-Accino Salgado, from the Internal Medicine service of the University of Edinburgh, has tackled with a diagnostic accuracy study published in September in JSAP. Urine dipstick and urine specific gravity are extremely versatile tests that are used extensively in small animal medicine. While it has been shown in the past that urine dipstick alone is not adequate to detect proteinuria, it was still unclear whether combining the urine specific gravity results to the dipstick results could improve the diagnostic accuracy of the test. As for any other "diagnostic accuracy study", Dr Pérez-Accino and colleagues compared an index test (the combination of urine dipstick plus different levels of urine specific gravity) to a reference test (urine protein-to-creatinine ratio). The results were interesting, since they found that grouping the samples by urine specific gravity only resulted in a small improvement in the accuracy of urine dipstick for detecting proteinuria. This article is a further confirmation that clinicians should not rely on the test for this purpose, even if combined with the urine specific gravity. Instead, quantitative methods such as urine protein-creatinine ratio should be performed when an assessment of proteinuria is indicated.

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August issue - Editor's choice

A closer look at functional thyroid tumours

You have just diagnosed a functional thyroid tumour in a dog and you are planning for the next steps. What should you expect with different treatment options? This is what Dr Scharf, Assistant Professor of Soft Tissue and Oncologic Surgery at North Carolina State University, and her colleagues, have explored in a multi-institutional study including 70 dogs diagnosed with functional thyroid tumours. It turns out that dogs treated with surgical excision had a good long-term survival, with a median survival time of over 6 years. It will be important to perform appropriate rechecks, since more than half of the dogs undergoing surgery developed hypothyroidism, requiring levothyroxine supplementation. A positive note is the lower prevalence of metastases observed as compared with previous reports. All in all, this study, although lacking a randomized design and therefore being unable to make definitive treatment recommendations, underlines a favourable prognosis in dogs with functional thyroid tumours and may help owners in making an informed decision.

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If you are not a member of BSAVA and wish to receive JSAP, you can either become a member or subscribe to the journal via our publisher, Wiley.

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