Urogenital system

image of Urogenital system
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There are significant anatomical and physiological differences between the urogenital system of reptiles and that of other vertebrates. Understanding these differences and the abnormalities that can occur is essential for proper management of reptilian patients with urogenital disorders. This chapter covers the renal system, urinary bladder and reproductive tract.

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20.1 Sunken eyes in (a) a desert tortoise and (b) a chameleon, due to dehydration associated with renal disease.
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20.2 Cloacal palpation of the kidneys of a rhinoceros iguana.
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20.7 Uromastyx with an intraosseous catheter fitted.
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20.8 Visceral gout with tophi in the kidneys of a chameleon.
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20.9 Radiograph of a cystic calculus causing eggshell fracture and dystocia in a desert tortoise. (Courtesy of Dr Jim Jarchow)
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20.10 (a) Prolapsed hemipenis in a boa constrictor. (b) Hemipenis prolapse in a monitor lizard. (c) Prolapsed penis in a Chaco tortoise. (a, Courtesy of Paul Raiti; b, Courtesy of Dr Fredric L Frye)
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20.11 Desert tortoise with a necrotic phallus.
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20.12 (a) A dehydrated chameleon with (b) follicular stasis.
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20.13 (a–b) Egg aspiration in a 6-year-old female grey-banded kingsnake.
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20.14 Oviduct prolapse in a bearded dragon.
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