Captive maintenance

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Many conditions seen in reptiles are directly related to deficiencies in basic husbandry. The aim of this chapter is to provide a practical guide for advising on the captive maintenance of reptiles in general, with specific information on commonly held species, concentrating on the physiological and ethological concepts behind the recommendations.

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3.2 Clinical environment: plastic or glass vivarium with a hide box and newspaper as substrate. Drawn by S.J. Elmhurst BA Hons (www.livingart.org.uk) and reproduced with her permission.
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3.3 Corn snake in a clinical environment: note the lack of vivarium furniture and substrate. Everything within the environment is disposable or amenable to easy cleaning and disinfection.
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3.4 Naturalistic environments. (a) Arboreal. (b) Semiaquatic. Drawn by S.J. Elmhurst BA Hons (www.livingart.org.uk) and reproduced with her permission.
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3.5 (a) Bearded dragon in a semi-naturalistic environment. This type of environment attempts to provide a more natural living space for the animal while retaining much of the ability to be easily cleaned and disinfected; note the lack of substrate and minimal amount of furniture. (b) Chameleon in a naturalistic vivarium. This type of enclosure attempts to closely mimic the environment an animal would inhabit in the wild; again, note the amount of internal furniture and substrate present. While this makes for a more complex and interesting environment and is suitable for a healthy individual, it is more difficult to keep clean and it is practically impossible to disinfect most of the elements.
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3.12 This inland bearded dragon was injured by a cagemate during feeding time. (Courtesy of Paul Raiti)
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