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The thin bird

image of The thin bird
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Abstract

In avian practice, loss of body condition is a common presentation. In general, birds with weight loss must always be treated as emergencies as such a condition may quickly lead to death. This chapter equips the reader with the necessary tools to diagnose the cause of and subsequently treat weight loss. : African Grey Parrot with chronic weight loss and acute seizures; Blue-fronted Amazon with liver fibrosis; Golden Parakeet with avian bornavirus.

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Figures

Image of 28.1
28.1 The chest muscles of a bird should be as high as the sternum. An emaciated bird demonstrates a clearly visible and palpable sternum with reduced chest muscle.
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28.2 Haemosiderosis in the liver. (Courtesy of H Pendl)
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28.3 Pancreatic atrophy. (Courtesy of H Pendl)
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28.4 Hyperplasia of the thyroid gland. (Courtesy of H Pendl)
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28.5 Broad categories of causes of weight loss and emaciation.
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28.6 Overview of potential causes of emaciation and cachexia.
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28.7 Post-mortem views of a fatty liver.
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28.8 Severe lipaemia.
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28.9 Dilated proventriculus due to avian bornavirus. Ingested food is visible through the thin wall.
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28.10 Amyloidosis in the kidney. (Courtesy of H Pendl)
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28.11 Post-mortem view of visceral gout. Note the powder-like coating of the serosa.
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28.12 Intraosseous catheters. Radiographic view. Patient with an intraosseous catheter in the ulna is wrapped in a towel during intensive care treatment.
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28.13 Custom-made clima-box for heat therapy.
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28.14 A crop cannula can be used for force-feeding or to provide oral medication.
Image of Ventrodorsal view showing an enlarged heart shadow.
Ventrodorsal view showing an enlarged heart shadow. Ventrodorsal view showing an enlarged heart shadow.
Image of Laterolateral view showing enlarged vessels.
Laterolateral view showing enlarged vessels. Laterolateral view showing enlarged vessels.
Image of Ultrasonogram of the pericardial effusion.
Ultrasonogram of the pericardial effusion. Ultrasonogram of the pericardial effusion.
Image of (a) Vendrodorsal and (b) laterolateral views of an enlarged liver silhouette.
(a) Vendrodorsal and (b) laterolateral views of an enlarged liver silhouette. (a) Vendrodorsal and (b) laterolateral views of an enlarged liver silhouette.
Image of Ultrasonogram of the liver showing irregular tissue and enlarged bile ducts and vessels.
Ultrasonogram of the liver showing irregular tissue and enlarged bile ducts and vessels. Ultrasonogram of the liver showing irregular tissue and enlarged bile ducts and vessels.
Image of Endoscopic image of the yellow-green discoloration of the liver.
Endoscopic image of the yellow-green discoloration of the liver. Endoscopic image of the yellow-green discoloration of the liver.
Image of (a) Ventrodorsal and (b) laterolateral views of an enlarged proventriculus.
(a) Ventrodorsal and (b) laterolateral views of an enlarged proventriculus. (a) Ventrodorsal and (b) laterolateral views of an enlarged proventriculus.

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