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Diarrhoea in the dog in the shelter environment

image of Diarrhoea in the dog in the shelter environment
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Abstract

Diarrhoea is a common presentation in dog shelters, and can range from occasional low-level ‘grumbling’ problems to outbreaks with high mortality. This chapter explores the management of diarrhoea, with consideration of morbidity levels, aetiology, environmental management and the potential for cross-species transmission, including zoonosis. Parvovirus at the local rehoming shelter; Rehoming a Campylobacter-positive dog.

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Figures

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12.1 Diarrhoea is characterized by increased frequency, volume or urgency of defecation. (Courtesy of C Westgarth)
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12.2 Sample triage chart to enable animal care staff to determine when to seek veterinary attention.
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12.4 A variety of physiological processes can cause diarrhoea. Cl = chloride; HO = water; HCO = bicarbonate; K = potassium; Na = sodium. Drawn by S.J. Elmhurst BA Hons (www.livingart.org.uk) and reproduced with her permission.
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12.6 Waltham® Faeces Scoring System. (Reproduced with permission from Waltham® Centre for Pet Nutrition)
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12.9 Faecal smear technique. Apply a thin layer of faeces to a slide with a drop of saline. Apply a cover slip and examine under X20 and X40 magnification.
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12.10 Faecal floatation demonstrating common parasite eggs/protozoa.
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12.11 Interpretation of patient-side canine parvovirus (CPV) tests.
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12.12 Contamination of foodstuffs is a potential aetiological factor in cases of diarrhoea among shelter dogs.
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12.13 In some situations, commencing vaccinations from 4 weeks of age may be appropriate.
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12.15 Many dogs entering a shelter will be infested with a variety of endoparasites, such as spp.
Image of Micky, a 3-month-old Collie cross presented with severe haemorrhagic diarrhoea, lethargy and vomiting.
Micky, a 3-month-old Collie cross presented with severe haemorrhagic diarrhoea, lethargy and vomiting. Micky, a 3-month-old Collie cross presented with severe haemorrhagic diarrhoea, lethargy and vomiting.
Image of Spud, a 2-year-old Jack Russell Terrier with diarrhoea potentially partially attributable to Campylobacter infection. He is otherwise healthy and, with monitoring, may be rehomed with consideration to the zoonotic potential.
Spud, a 2-year-old Jack Russell Terrier with diarrhoea potentially partially attributable to Campylobacter infection. He is otherwise healthy and, with monitoring, may be rehomed with consideration to the zoonotic potential. Spud, a 2-year-old Jack Russell Terrier with diarrhoea potentially partially attributable to infection. He is otherwise healthy and, with monitoring, may be rehomed with consideration to the zoonotic potential.

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