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Managing feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukaemia virus in the multi-cat/shelter environment

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Abstract

Feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukaemia virus are important causes of disease in cats. There are important differences between the two infectious agents, particularly in relation to the multi-cat environment. This chapter discusses similarities and differences, and epidemiology of infection, and considers testing in depth, including designing a testing strategy.

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Figures

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17.5 Testing pregnant queens or those with kittens for FIV or FeLV is a priority. (© Rachel Dean)
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17.6 Testing kittens for FIV using patient-side tests can be unreliable. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when undertaking tests as some require that serum or plasma is used rather than whole blood. (© Cats Protection)
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17.7 According to the manufacturer’s instructions, the test on the left shows a positive result for FeLV. Positive test results can indicate infection or be a false-positive. The test on the right is negative for FIV and FeLV. (© Rachel Dean)
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17.8 It is important to follow the instructions for patient-side tests. This test is not useful and needs to be repeated as the period between undertaking and reading the test was too long. (© Rachel Dean)
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17.13 Clear identification of infected cats is important in shelter environments. (© Rachel Dean)
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17.14 New owners must be made aware of the implications of having an FIV-positive cat. (© Cats Protection)

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