1887

Ascites

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Abstract

PLEASE NOTE THAT A MORE RECENT EDITION OF THIS TITLE IS AVAILABLE IN THE LIBRARY

Ascites is a pathological accumulation of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity. Strictly, ascitic fluid is serious in nature and is classified, depending on its protein and cellular content composition, into the following categories: transudate, modified transudate and exudate. In addition, the term ascites has been broadened to include fluid accumulations primarily composed of: bile, blood, chyle and urine. This chapter examines the Pathophysiology; Clinical features; Differential diagnosis; and Diagnosis.

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Figures

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13.1 Gross appearance of (a) a transudate and modified transudate and (b) sterile and septic exudates. A crude distinction can be made by the clarity of an image viewed through the fluid.
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13.4 Grossly ascitic dog with massive abdominal enlargement. Ascites was due to a chronic hepatopathy.
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13.7 Abdominocentesis. (a) Sterile preparation and infiltration of the linea alba with local anaesthetic prior to abdominocentesis. (b) Collection of blood by emergency abdominocentesis in a dog with a ruptured spleen and haemoperitoneum.

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