Pain in other exotic pets

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Alleviating pain in exotic species is often overlooked, or the extent of pain is underestimated. This chapter discusses the complications associated with pain management in exotic species, and provides advice on adapting methods used in dogs and cats. Mammary mass removal in rats; Shell trauma in tortoises.

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7.32 Rodent and reptile species often do not display overt signs of pain. © Jenna Richardson
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7.33 Rats are prone to self-traumatizing wounds. © Jenna Richardson
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7.34 Fibroadenomas can grow very large and significantly affect mobility. © Jenna Richardson
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7.35 Inflammation, ulceration and infection of masses can increase the level of discomfort significantly. © Jenna Richardson
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7.36 Inhalation anaesthetic offers no analgesic properties in rats. © Jenna Richardson
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7.37 A warm, quiet area should be provided postoperatively. © Jenna Richardson
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7.38 It is common to find large deficits in the plastron and carapace following a dog attack. © Jenna Richardson
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7.39 A sterile toothbrush can be useful for wound debridement. © Jenna Richardson
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7.40 Skin deficits may require suturing as in other species. © Jenna Richardson
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7.41 Wounds often need to be dressed and stabilized post-surgery. © Jenna Richardson
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7.42 Placement of an oesophagostomy feeding tube will facilitate long-term administration of medication at home. © Jenna Richardson
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7.43 It can take 12–16 weeks for a wound to heal completely. © Jenna Richardson
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