The Journal of Small Animal Practice (JSAP)

The Journal of Small Animal Practice (JSAP) is the BSAVA's monthly scientific journal, featuring original, peer-reviewed articles, case reports and other scientific and educational information from around the world. The aim of JSAP is to facilitate the dissemination and implementation of new ideas and techniques relating to clinical veterinary practice, and ultimately to promote best practice.

JSAP is provided to BSAVA members as part of their membership benefits. Members - to access JSAP, log in then click on the 'read latest issues' button that appears below. 

You can search for JSAP articles from within the BSAVA Library by clicking on the JSAP tab from the search results page. If you are a BSAVA member and already logged in, you can click through from the search results to access the full article. 

Want to read JSAP on the move? Download the new Wiley Online Library app - Find out more

August issue - in JSAP this month

Study investigates efficacy of vapocoolant spray in improving the tolerance of intravenous catheterisation in emergency patients

A new study, published in the latest issue of the Journal of Small Animal Practice (JSAP), compared the swab application of vapocoolant spray (VS) and saline control in emergency canine and feline patients, with the objective of improving the tolerance of catheter pain. There is limited research available in the veterinary literature on the analgesic effects of VS in canine or feline patients. The study “The efficacy of vapocoolant spray for the improved tolerance of catheter pain in emergency patients” aimed to determine more specifically if application of VS before intravenous catheterisation (IC) resulted in reduced reaction and improved intravenous catheter placement success. A randomised controlled trial of client-owned dogs and cats presenting as emergencies and requiring intravenous catheterisation was performed. Patient signalment and mentation score were recorded. Patients were randomly allocated to either a swab saturated with vapocoolant spray (treatment) or a swab saturated with saline (control) applied to the clipped area before intravenous catheterisation. Indirect application of VS via a swab before IC was not found to significantly reduce the reaction of dogs and cats to intravenous catheterisation in an emergency setting nor improve placement success rates. The present study did demonstrate a significantly greater adverse response to VS application to the skin via a swab when compared with the saline control in canine patients; feline patients demonstrated adverse responses to both VS and saline swabs. It is unclear if the technique of application used in this study provided sufficient cooling effect to provide the required cryoanaesthesia to influence patient reaction. Future studies should be used to determine optimal VS application technique in dogs and cats, as well as examine its application in other populations and procedures.

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July issue - in JSAP this month

Study compares accuracy and usefulness of blood glucose monitors

A study published in the latest issue of the Journal of Small Animal Practice (JSAP) compared both the AccuTell and AlphaTrak2 Portable Blood Glucose Monitors (PBGMs) against a reference method - the hexokinase reaction method. Although the accuracy of one of the most well-known veterinary PBGMs, the AlphaTrak, has been investigated, not enough is known about the accuracy of such monitors and standards have not yet been designed for veterinary PBGMs. AccuTell was found to be more accurate and useful in a clinical setting than AlphaTrak2. Both PBGMs were inaccurate in comparison with the hexokinase reaction method, and although they have potential for standard clinical use, unexpected blood glucose concentrations need to be checked by the hexokinase reaction method. In addition, measurement of blood glucose concentration by the AlphaTrak2 was affected by PCV whereas measurement by the AccuTell was not. Nicola Di Girolamo, Editor of JSAP concluded: “We oftentimes think that an instrument that is developed specifically for our patients will provide satisfactorily results on most occasions. Instead, studies such as the one presented here, are critical to understand whether the ‘numbers’ provided by an instrument are reliable for clinical use. The authors provided 95% limits of agreements to their results. This value is of great help for clinicians, since it shows the difference expected between the instrument and the reference standard in the majority of occasions.”

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A collection of JSAP reviews for primary care practice is freely available to all.

If you are not a member of BSAVA and wish to receive JSAP, you can either become a member or subscribe to the journal via our publisher, Wiley.

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