Canine leishmaniosis

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Canine leishmaniosis is one of the major zoonoses that cause severe fatal disease in humans and dogs globally. Infections caused by different species are present in a variety of regions with different climatic conditions in the Old and New Worlds. This chapter looks at species that infect dogs and their geographical distribution; life cycle and transmission of in dogs; pathogenesis, clinical presentation and clinicopathological findings; diagnosis; therapy, prevention and public health considerations; feline leishmaniosis.

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20.1 The promastigote form of .
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20.2 amastigotes in canine macrophages in a lymph node aspirate from a naturally infected dog.
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20.4 Dermal manifestations of canine leishmaniosis. Note the ulcerated pinnae, periocular alopecia and facial exfoliative dermatitis.
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20.5 The dog in Figure 20.4 after 2 months of allopurinol treatment. Note the clinical improvement in the cutaneous lesions.
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