Cage and aviary birds

image of Cage and aviary birds
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This chapter provides the need-to-know information on cage and aviary birds:

  • Biology
  • Husbandry
  • Handling and restraint
  • Diagnostic approach
  • Common conditions
  • Supportive care
  • Anaesthesia and analgesia
  • Euthanasia
  • Drug formulary.
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9.2 Adult grey parrot. This species is the most popular large parrot kept in captivity in the UK, probably owing to its excellent ability to mimic. Dusky pionus typical dwarf parrot, which makes both an excellent pet and attractive aviary specimen. Umbrella cockatoo.
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9.3 Mixed collection of hardbill finches. These granivorous birds are short-lived and usually kept in community aviaries rather than as single pet birds. Mynah bird. This inquisitive softbill, although extremely messy, was historically a popular cage bird owing to its excellent ability to talk; now being bred regularly in captivity, it is regaining its status.
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9.4 Sulphur billed toucan.
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9.5 Culture of a typically poor quality seed mix used to feed parrots and granivorous cage/aviary birds. In addition to the nutrient imbalances expected from these mixes, they are frequently contaminated with fungal spores; in this case .
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9.6 Method of restraint for parrots. With the parrot restrained, an intramuscular injection into the pectoral muscle can be made.
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9.7 Small passerine birds, such as zebra finches, should be held with care to avoid restricting sternal movements.
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9.8 A ‘cut off’ endotracheal tube placed intra-abdominally behind the last rib will enter the air sac system. This is a useful emergency technique for birds with signs of acute upper respiratory disease. In this case, the endotracheal tube has been connected to a ventilator. The same surgical approach is used for endoscopy.
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9.9 Venepuncture of the brachial vein. The bird should be anaesthetized prior to the procedure. An assistant should raise the blood vessel and prevent haematoma formation (via digital pressure) following sample collection.
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9.18 Garden propagators make effective hospital cages for birds.
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9.19 A jugular catheter is an ideal method of administering fluids, particularly in small passerines.
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9.20 All birds should be regularly weighed to monitor trends in gain and loss, as it is a useful indicator of condition.
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9.21 Induction of anaesthesia in a toucan using an adapted latex glove as a mask.
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