Raptors: gastrointestinal tract disease

image of Raptors: gastrointestinal tract disease
Online Access: £ 25.00 + VAT
BSAVA Library Pass Buy a pass


An accurate history is important to arrive at a diagnosis in a bird with possible gastrointestinal disease. Questions related to recent weight changes and training methods will help to establish the kind of stresses being placed on the bird. This chapter evaluates clinical history, examination and diagnosis; viral enteritis; bacterial enteritis and dysbiosis; enterotoxaemia; candidiasis; pancreatic disease; crop fistulae and abscesses; gastrointestinal foreign bodies; peritonitis; and cloacal disease.

Preview this chapter:
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



Image of 23.3
23.3 Stomatitis. Bacterial, affecting the laryngeal mound in a falcon. can cause highly destructive lesions. This infection had affected the Eustachian tube, causing middle ear disease. . (a,c, courtesy of Tom Bailey)
Image of 23.4
23.4 Gout crystals are visible in the oropharynx of this falcon. Despite aggressive fluid therapy, the falcon died within 24 hours.
Image of 23.6
23.6 Gram stain of faeces showing sporulating spp. (Courtesy of Renata Padrtova, Nad Al Shiba Veterinary Hospital)
Image of 23.7
23.7 cells and pseudohyphae from the crop of a falcon (Gram stain). (Courtesy of Renata Padrtova, Nad Al Shiba Veterinary Hospital)
Image of 23.8
23.8 Crop fistula secondary to spp.in a Peregrine Falcon. (Courtesy of Tom Bailey)
Image of 23.9
23.9 Crop abscess and (inset) after removal. (Courtesy of Mirjam Hampel, Nad Al Shiba Veterinary Hospital)
Image of 23.10
23.10 Sand ingestion in a falcon. This a common problem in falcons in the Middle East. Crop foreign body: this bird had ingested stones. (Courtesy of Tom Bailey)
Image of 23.11
23.11 Gaseous dilatation of the intestine in this case was associated with a spp. enteritis. (Courtesy of Tom Bailey)
Image of 23.12
23.12 Peritonitis. In this case trichomoniasis had led to a secondary peritonitis.
Image of 23.13
23.13 Cloacal urolith, preventing normal defecation in this bird.
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error