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Seizures, ataxia and other neurological presentations

image of Seizures, ataxia and other neurological presentations
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Abstract

Dogs presented with neurological problems are often viewed as particularly challenging to diagnose and manage. Animals with neurological diseases may present with a variety of clinical signs, including seizures, ataxia, pain, paresis/paralysis and behavioural changes. This chapter deals with history, physical examination and common conditions. Short ‘screening’ neurological examination; Emergency treatment of status epilepticus.

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Figures

Image of 11.2
11.2 T1-weighted sagittal MRI scan of a 3-year-old Beagle with depression, head pressing and neck pain. The gadolinium contrast material is enhancing an intracranial mass, suspected to be a choroid plexus tumour.
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11.3 T1-weighted transverse MRI scan of a 6-year-old Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with seizures. The image shows hydrocephalus.
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11.7 This 8-year-old Rottweiler shows marked left-sided masticatory muscle atrophy, due to a trigeminal nerve sheath tumour.
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11.8 Horner’s syndrome in a Pomeranian.
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Image of Testing for the palpebral reflex by lightly tapping the medial canthus of the eye. A normal response is a brisk blink.
Testing for the palpebral reflex by lightly tapping the medial canthus of the eye. A normal response is a brisk blink. Testing for the palpebral reflex by lightly tapping the medial canthus of the eye. A normal response is a brisk blink.
Image of Testing for the menace response by making a threatening gesture towards the eye. A normal response is a blink. Be careful not to make a draft of air, which will trigger the palpebral or corneal reflexes.
Testing for the menace response by making a threatening gesture towards the eye. A normal response is a blink. Be careful not to make a draft of air, which will trigger the palpebral or corneal reflexes. Testing for the menace response by making a threatening gesture towards the eye. A normal response is a blink.
Image of Testing for conscious proprioception by turning the paw on to its dorsal aspect. A normal response is briskly returning the foot to its normal position.
Testing for conscious proprioception by turning the paw on to its dorsal aspect. A normal response is briskly returning the foot to its normal position. Testing for conscious proprioception by turning the paw on to its dorsal aspect. A normal response is briskly returning the foot to its normal position.
Image of An example of a form that can be used for a neurological examination.
An example of a form that can be used for a neurological examination. An example of a form that can be used for a neurological examination.

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