Endocrine diseases

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This chapter looks at endocrine diseases, hypothalamus and hypophysis, adrenal glands, parathyroid glands, thyroid glands and pancreas.

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27.1 The sensory arm of the stress response.
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27.2 The effector arm of the stress response. ACTH = adrenocorticotropic hormone; CNS = central nervous system; CRH = corticotropin-releasing hormone.
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27.6 Feedback mechanisms in the hormone secretions of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. Solid line = stimulation of secretion; dashed line = negative feedback. ACTH = adrenocorticotropic hormone; CRH = corticotropin-releasing hormone; FSH = follicle-stimulating hormone; GH = growth hormone; GHRH = growth hormone-releasing hormone; GnRH = gonadotropin-releasing hormone; LH = luteinizing hormone; PRF = prolactin-releasing factor; PRL = prolactin; TRH = thyrotropin-releasing hormone; TSH = thyroid-stimulating hormone.
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27.7 Acromegaly in a cat due to feline hypersomatotropism. (Courtesy of Kieran Borgeat, Royal Veterinary College, London, UK)
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27.8 Postioning of a cat for hypophysectomy.
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27.10 (a) Dog undergoing radiation treatment using a linear accelerator.(b) Closed circuit television is being used to observe the dog and anaesthetic monitors during anaesthesia while irradiation is underway. (a, Courtesy of Vivian Fan, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Canada; b, Courtesy of Michael Raine, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Canada)
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27.11 Dog with hyperadrenocorticism, with a typical pot-bellied appearance. (Courtesy of Marieke de Vries, Davies Veterinary Specialists, Higham Gobion, UK)
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27.14 A dog with a thyroid tumour that was treated by radiation therapy in order to improve venous drainage from the head. Endotracheal intubation during treatment is essential to protect the airway. (Courtesy of Dr Monique Mayer, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Canada)
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27.16 A veterinary-specific glucometer showing (a) high blood glucose level in an insulin-resistant diabetic cat and (b) glucose concentration in a dog with diabetic cataract, indicating that only half the regular dose of insulin is to be administered before anaesthesia (see Figure 27.15 ).
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