Reception guide for the general practice

image of Reception guide for the general practice
Online Access: £ 25.00 + VAT
BSAVA Library Pass Buy a pass


Birds of any species are adept at disguising signs of illness. A commonly held belief is that sick birds are 70% dead when noticed by their owners and 90% dead by the time they are presented to the veterinary surgeon (veterinarian). This means that the majority of birds that are showing signs of illness require emergency, or at least same day, attention. This chapter provides guidance on the reception and triage of avian cases in the general practice.

Preview this chapter:
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



Image of 8.1
8.1 Signs of illness in small birds, such as this St Helena Waxbill, should be treated as an emergency.
Image of 8.5
8.5 This Budgerigar’s head is covered in crop contents, indicating vomiting. This is an urgent case.
Image of 8.6
8.6 Galah chick with leg splay, which is not an emergency. This chick also has nasal accretion of food, which needs to be cleared but is not urgent. Placing the chick in a deep nest prevents further leg deviation.
Image of 8.7
8.7 Wryneck (torticollis) in a Budgerigar should be seen urgently.
Image of 8.8
8.8 An owl chick with metabolic bone disease and ‘angel wing’ is an urgent case. The sooner this case is seen, the easier it will be to treat.
Image of 8.9
8.9 Emergency feeding of a Greenfinch chick with a beak-shaped spoon.
Image of 8.10
8.10 The deviation in this Blue and Gold Macaw’s beak is not an emergency.
Image of 8.11
8.11 Propatagial membrane laceration in this Harris’ Hawk should be examined by a veterinary surgeon urgently. A Toco Toucan with a head laceration such as this is also an urgent case.
Image of 8.12
8.12 Splinting of a Canary’s leg using microporous tape. Completed splint with second piece of tape applied and trimmed.
Image of 8.13
8.13 Domestic Canary with a vascular occlusion and injury caused by a too tight leg ring; this case is urgent.
Image of 8.14
8.14 This Gyrfalcon has a fractured wing in urgent need of support. Harris’ Hawk with tibiotarsus fracture adequately supported.
Image of 8.15
8.15 Signs of wing tip oedema, as displayed in this young Peregrine hybrid, should be investigated as an emergency.
Image of 8.16
8.16 Fractured legs, as in this African Grey Parrot and Harris’ Hawk, are urgent cases that need to be seen as soon as possible.
Image of 8.17
8.17 Blue and Gold Macaw chick with a crop fistula.
Image of 8.18
8.18 African Grey Parrot with cloacal prolapse.
Image of 8.19
8.19 Egg-bound Cockatiel that has collapsed. Zebra Finch collapsed with hypocalcaemia and requiring emergency attention.
Image of 8.20
8.20 African Grey Parrot with hypocalcaemic tetany. Orally administered calcium can be advised in this case.
Image of 8.21
8.21 Osprey requiring emergency treatment for sour crop, toxaemia and a fractured tibiotarsus.
Image of 8.22
8.22 This self-mutilating Moluccan Cockatoo can wait for a routine appointment; non-changing levels of mutilation are not emergencies but an increasing level of mutilation may require a more urgent appointment. Psittacine beak and feather disease in a Red-lored Amazon.
Image of 8.23
8.23 This Moluccan Cockatoo is hanging from its cage, signalling extreme respiratory distress. Border Canary in severe respiratory distress with cyanosis of the beak and open-beak breathing.
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error