1887

Diseases of the colon and rectum

image of Diseases of the colon and rectum
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Abstract

PLEASE NOTE THAT A MORE RECENT EDITION OF THIS TITLE IS AVAILABLE IN THE LIBRARY

The large intestine serves numerous physiological roles: maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance, storage site for faecal material, and reservoir for a complex microbial ecosystem that performs diverse functions. Normal colonic physiology may be disrupted by disease that causes diarrhoea or constipation. The average length of the colon in dogs and cats is 60-75 cm, and it is divided into three anatomically distinct regions: the ascending, transverse and descending colonic segments. This chapter covers the Colonic anatomy and physiology; the Anorectum; Diagnostic approach; and Diseases of the colon.

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Figures

Image of 21.1
21.1 Anatomy of the canine colon. a = greater curvature of the stomach; b = descending duodenum; c = terminal ileum; d = caecum; e = ascending colon; f = transverse colon; g = segmental contraction; h = descending colon; i = rectum; j = anus; k = hepatic flexure; l = splenic flexure.
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21.2 Structure of the colonic mucosa. a = crypt openings; b = lamina propria; c = columnar epithelial cells; d = crypt; e = goblet cell.
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21.5 Diagnostic evaluation of colorectal disorders. (Modified from )

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