1887
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  • ISSN: 2041-2487
  • E-ISSN: 2041-2495

Abstract

Lowrie-Mark.gif  is the Clinical Director at Dovecote Veterinary Hospital and in this article highlights some Cavalier King Charles Spaniel neurological disease predispositions with tips on diagnosis and management.

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/content/journals/10.22233/20412495.1120.20
2020-11-01
2021-01-21
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.22233/20412495.1120.20
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VIDEO 1  A video demonstrating some of the common clinical signs of Chiari-like malformation with syringomyelia. This dog is doing ‘phantom scratching’ of the head and neck area. Although there is no sound, the dog is also yelping constantly when phantom scratching.

VIDEO 2  This is a 6-year-old Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) with paroxysmal episodes of abnormal movement consistent with a diagnosis of Episodic Falling. Note the involuntary movement of the pelvic limbs in particular and whole body course movements. The frequency of these movements is very slow, unlike generalized tonic clonic seizures in which they can be much faster. Later in the video you can see a marked kyphosis in the dog’s back and dance-like movements (so-called chorea) in the pelvic limbs.

VIDEO 3  This is an example of the type of myoclonic jerk that can be seen in the CKCS. They are very brief but can occur many times per day.

VIDEO 4  An 8-year-old CKCS with an acute onset of bilateral facial paresis. Note the absence of menace response and decreased palpebral reflex. When the palpebral reflex is tested you can see the third eyelid is still responsive but there is very reduced movement of the eyelids. This dog has no concurrent vestibular signs.

VIDEO 5  A 3-year-old CKCS with paroxysms of fly-catching and manic chasing behaviour. This dog had no clinical signs suggestive of gastrointestinal disease but responded completely to a hypoallergenic diet.

  • Published online : 01 Nov 2020
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