Feline retrovirus infections

image of Feline retrovirus infections
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There are three exogenous, contagious retroviruses transmitted between cats: feline syncytium-forming virus (FeSFV); feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). Of these viruses, FeSFV is generally considered to be non-pathogenic, whereas FeLV or FIV are important and common causes of disease. This chapter looks at both feline Leukaemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus in depth.

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17.1 Pale mucous membranes in an anaemic cat.
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17.2 Blood dyserythropoiesis: peripheral blood smear (Modified Wright’s stain; original magnification ×1000) from an FeLV-infected cat revealing anisocytosis, the presence of normochromic red blood cells and, in the centre, three dysplastic nucleated red blood cells.
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17.3 Positive FeLV test result (black arrow) in a SNAP test.
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17.4 Witness test: FeLV-positive (sample 1178, above) and -negative (sample 1428, below) results.
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17.6 Severe stomatitis in an FIV-infected cat.
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