Feline diabetes mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus is defined as a disorder of persistent hyperglycaemia regardless of underlying cause. The typical clinical signs are polydipsia/polyuria and weight loss. The majority of cats have a disorder similar to type 2 diabetes mellitus in humans. Risk factors include obesity, physical inactivity, confinement indoors and prior administration of glucocorticoids or progestogens. The chapter looks at aetiopathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and outcome and prognosis.

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13.5 The Abbott AlphaTRAK meter is calibrated for feline blood, and only requires a 0.3 µl sample, making it ideal for measuring blood glucose in paw pad or ear samples. (Courtesy of S. Ford)
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13.6 Taking a blood sample from the carpal (pisiform ) pad. (Courtesy of S. Ford) Sampling the main paw pad is well tolerated in many cats. (Courtesy of W. Milledge)
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13.7 Measuring blood glucose from an ear sample.Best results occur if the area is rubbed or warmed first to increase blood supply. (Courtesy of S. Ford)
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