Anaesthesia, sedation and analgesia of the critical patient

image of Anaesthesia, sedation and analgesia of the critical patient
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Critically ill patients routinely require either anaesthesia or sedation in order to facilitate diagnosis or treatment. This chapter reviews the approach to anaesthesia, sedation and analgesia of critically ill patients; with detailed information on indications and contraindications for many commonly used drugs.

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21.12 Example of an anaesthesia record.
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21.13 Infrared heat lamp, used when heating devices that require direct contact with the patient cannot be used because of the surgical field.
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21.15 Septic dog under general anaesthesia being monitored via ECG, Doppler (blood pressure), O and end-tidal gases.
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21.16 NiCOcardiac output monitor (Respironics, Carlsbad, CA, USA).
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21.18 Obese cat: analgesia should be based on the estimated lean body mass.
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21.19 Typical posture and facial expression in a painful cat.
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21.20 Dog in ICU receiving appropriate care in order to minimize stress and discomfort (padding, urinary catheter, dry and warm bedding).
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21.22 Oral administration of buprenorphine in a cat.
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21.24 Wound infusion catheter placed in a dog for the administration of local anaesthetic drugs in the postoperative period.
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21.25 Fentanyl patches placed on a dog.
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