The aquatic environment

image of The aquatic environment
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The importance of understanding the relationship between water quality, stress and disease cannot be overemphasized. The aquatic environment is very different from the terrestrial one but most husbandry problems may be avoided by routine monitoring of water quality. This chapter introduces physical properties, pH, hardness, alkalinity, dissolved gasses and salinity of water.

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Figure 1.3 Buffering effects.
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Figure 1.5 The nitrogen cycle.
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Figure 1.6 Typical ammonia, nitrite and nitrate concentrations during the first 60 days after adding fish to new tank or pond (from ).

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