Salamanders, axolotls and caecilians

image of Salamanders, axolotls and caecilians
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This chapter provides the need-to-know information on salamanders, axolotls and caecilians:

  • Biology
  • Husbandry
  • Handling and restraint
  • Diagnostic approach
  • Common conditions
  • Supportive care
  • Anaesthesia and analgesia
  • Common surgical procedures
  • Euthanasia.
  • Drug formulary.

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18.1 Common caudate amphibians. Salamander (). (Courtesy of C. Newman.) An axolotl on a large stone ‘slab’ on which it can be hand-fed to avoid picking up substrate.
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18.2 Female axolotl with egg strings.
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18.3 An enriched semi-aquatic environment suitable for a salamander.
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18.5 Metabolic bone disease in a salamander (). Note the weak legs. The radiograph shows very poor bone density in two specimens.
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18.6 An oedematous axolotl with kidney failure.
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18.7 An axolotl with septicaemia-related petechiation
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18.8 Tail tip erosion due to bacterial infection in a newt.
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