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Patients with oral or dental disease

image of Patients with oral or dental disease
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Abstract

A wide range of problems affect the oral cavity, involving – either individually or in combination – the teeth, soft tissues and bone. Such problems include infections (e.g. periodontal disease, caries, osteomyelitis), trauma, neoplasia, congenital and developmental abnormalities and a variety of immune-mediated and ulcerative conditions. This chapter considers The oral cavity; Surgical principles; Pain management and palliative care; and Nutrition. Right mandibular fracture in a puppy; Chronic gingivostomatitis in a cat.

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Figures

Image of Radiography confirmed a fracture of the right mandible.
Radiography confirmed a fracture of the right mandible. Radiography confirmed a fracture of the right mandible.
Image of A tape muzzle was placed to hold the jaw in normal occlusion.
A tape muzzle was placed to hold the jaw in normal occlusion. A tape muzzle was placed to hold the jaw in normal occlusion.
Image of An oesophagostomy tube was placed under general anaesthesia. A bandage was applied to prevent self-trauma and to hold the tube in the correct position.
An oesophagostomy tube was placed under general anaesthesia. A bandage was applied to prevent self-trauma and to hold the tube in the correct position. An oesophagostomy tube was placed under general anaesthesia. A bandage was applied to prevent self-trauma and to hold the tube in the correct position.
Image of This puppy has been provided with a soft chew toy. (Courtesy of Gary M. Landsberg; reproduced from BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Behavioural Medicine, 2nd edn)
This puppy has been provided with a soft chew toy. (Courtesy of Gary M. Landsberg; reproduced from BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Behavioural Medicine, 2nd edn) This puppy has been provided with a soft chew toy. (Courtesy of Gary M. Landsberg; reproduced from )
Image of Brushing a dog’s teeth can be demonstrated to owners so they can do this at home. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis)
Brushing a dog’s teeth can be demonstrated to owners so they can do this at home. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis) Brushing a dog’s teeth can be demonstrated to owners so they can do this at home. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis)
Image of Severe inflammation affecting the gingival and oral mucosa lateral to the glossopalatine arch. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
Severe inflammation affecting the gingival and oral mucosa lateral to the glossopalatine arch. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella) Severe inflammation affecting the gingival and oral mucosa lateral to the glossopalatine arch. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
Image of Inflammation extending to non-gingival oral mucosa above the left maxillary canine and premolars. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
Inflammation extending to non-gingival oral mucosa above the left maxillary canine and premolars. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella) Inflammation extending to non-gingival oral mucosa above the left maxillary canine and premolars. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
Image of Inflammation and gingival hyperplasia distal and buccal to the left mandibular molar. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
Inflammation and gingival hyperplasia distal and buccal to the left mandibular molar. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella) Inflammation and gingival hyperplasia distal and buccal to the left mandibular molar. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
Image of All premolars and molars have been extracted and the inflammation has resolved. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
All premolars and molars have been extracted and the inflammation has resolved. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella) All premolars and molars have been extracted and the inflammation has resolved. (Courtesy of Lisa Milella)
Image of It may be beneficial to groom the cat gently, using a soft-bristled brush or a massaging groomer. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall)
It may be beneficial to groom the cat gently, using a soft-bristled brush or a massaging groomer. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall) It may be beneficial to groom the cat gently, using a soft-bristled brush or a massaging groomer. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall)
Image of Warmth is best applied via warm flannels to the jaw area for approximately 10–15 minutes. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall)
Warmth is best applied via warm flannels to the jaw area for approximately 10–15 minutes. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall) Warmth is best applied via warm flannels to the jaw area for approximately 10–15 minutes. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall)
Image of Cleaning the eyes with warm, damp cotton wool. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall)
Cleaning the eyes with warm, damp cotton wool. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall) Cleaning the eyes with warm, damp cotton wool. (Courtesy of Rachel Lumbis and Catherine Kendall)
Image of Grooming a cat that enjoys this will help the animal to relax and involve owners and their families in caregiving. (© Samantha Elmhurst)
Grooming a cat that enjoys this will help the animal to relax and involve owners and their families in caregiving. (© Samantha Elmhurst) Grooming a cat that enjoys this will help the animal to relax and involve owners and their families in caregiving. (© Samantha Elmhurst)

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