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Practical fluid therapy

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Abstract

This chapter is designed to give information on the causes of fluid imbalance in the body; appropriate fluid choices for a compromised patient; calculation of fluid requirement; assembly of fluid therapy equipment; positioning and restraint of the animal in order to receive fluid therapy; administration of fluid therapy; monitoring the patient during and after fluid therapy; identification of the problems resulting from fluid therapy; and health and safety aspects of fluid therapy.

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Figures

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8.8 Blood bag.
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8.9 Cat blood type card.
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8.10 Blood administration set.
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8.15 Location of veins used for intravenous fluid therapy and sites of intraosseous administration ( ). Drawn by S.J. Elmhurst BA Hons (www.livingart.org.uk) and reproduced with her permission.
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8.16 Intraosseous needles.
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8.18 Over-the-needle catheters.
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8.19 Burette.
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8.20 Infusion pump.
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8.21 Syringe driver.
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8.22 Insertion of an intravenous catheter. Slowly introduce the intravenous catheter into the vein. Stop inserting the catheter as soon as ‘flashback’ appears in the catheter chamber. Feed the catheter along the length of the stylet into the vein. Connect a T-port to the intravenous catheter and secure in place.
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8.23 Example of a fluid monitoring chart, to be used in conjunction with a standard hospitalization sheet (see Figure 5.11).

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