Dealing with emergency cases

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In most small animal practices true emergencies will be relatively uncommon, but with the increase in emergency centres within the UK there will be practices where emergency cases are in the majority, Although emergency medicine can be stressful it can also be extremely satisfying. This chapter focuses on telephone triage, preparation, hospital triage, cardiovascular abnormalities - assessment and management, respiratory abnormalities - assessment and management, neurological assessment and management, monitoring during stabilization, secondary assessment and ongoing management. : Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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8.9 Administering a bolus of Hartmann’s (lactated Ringer’s) solution, using a pressure bag, to a 5-year-old female neutered Labrador Retriever with hypovolaemia as a result of severe haematuria.
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8.10 Modes of oxygen therapy. Oxygen cages are very expensive but are well tolerated and can provide high concentrations of oxygen to dogs of a variety of sizes. A Bulldog puppy with pneumonia. During the initial examination, flow-by oxygen was provided using a T-piece. This is a non-invasive and low stress way to provide oxygen while allowing full access to the dog. An 8-year-old Border Collie receiving oxygen supplementation via tubing during stabilization for hypovolaemia. Endotracheal intubation, as in this Pug, allows any upper respiratory obstructions to be bypassed and can provide 100% oxygen supplementation. A 4-year-old Cocker Spaniel receiving oxygen using nasal prongs. These provide up to about 40% oxygen supplementation and are variably well tolerated. A bridge of tape over the nose can make keeping them in place easier. A 5-year-old Dobermann with pulmonary thromboembolism secondary to immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia receiving oxygen via nasal catheters. If placed bilaterally, these will provide up to 70% oxygen.
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8.12 Dogs with spinal injuries may need to be strapped down to immobilize the spine and avoid further injury.
Image of Reproduced from the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice, 2nd edn
Reproduced from the BSAVA Guide to Procedures in Small Animal Practice, 2nd edn Reproduced from the
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