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Drooling is a general term describing two different clinical signs: ptyalism and pseudoptyalism. Ptyalism and pseudoptyalism often overlap, and thus the clinical distinction between them is not possible without further investigation. This chapter covers aetiology and pathogenesis, differential diagnoses, signalment, history and physical examination, diagnostic tests, treatment, and zoonotic and public health considerations.

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Image of 10.1
10.1 Cat presenting with drooling. (Courtesy of Amy Somrak)
Image of 10.3
10.3 Ptyalism in a 9-year-old Domestic Shorthaired cat with glossitis. Note the red-brown discolouration of the fur surrounding the mouth caused by salivary porphyrin staining. (Courtesy of Amy Somrak)
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